Clear Skies: Choosing Renewable Energy Over Coal

As heavy rains lash Tanzania, floods inundate Kenya, Cyclone Hidaya wreaks havoc along the Indian Ocean, and Mozambique grapples with devastating floods, the stark reality of climate change looms larger than ever. Despite denials from figures like Trump, the undeniable truth emerges when communities bear the brunt of these disasters. Climate change is not a hoax, and fossil fuels are undeniably exacerbating its effects.

In Tanzania, the manifestations of climate change are becoming increasingly evident especially in 2024 following a number of weather related catastrophic events. Communities are bearing the brunt of harsh rains, which wreak havoc on homes, crops, and livelihoods. Examples of such havocs can be cited in Lindi, Mtwara, Dar es Salaam, Manyara and Mbeya regions. Against this backdrop, the recent issuance of licenses for strategic/green minerals (in Tanzania) signals a shift in focus towards sustainable development. These Strategic Mineral Licenses (SMLs), coupled with existing agreements like Kabanga, underscore the country's commitment to a greener future on one hand.

To understand the significance of this transition, it's crucial to grasp the impact of coal and other fossil fuels. Coal, when burnt, releases a myriad of harmful by-products, including sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter. These pollutants contribute to air and water pollution, leading to respiratory diseases, environmental degradation, and exacerbation of climate change.

Renewable energy, on the other hand, offers a cleaner, more sustainable alternative. Through the production of energy from sources such as solar, wind, and hydroelectric power, renewable energy generates minimal pollution and reduces greenhouse gas emissions. This transition towards renewables is not just environmentally responsible; it's economically viable and socially beneficial.

Choosing renewable energy over coal is not merely a matter of preference; it's a necessity for a brighter, healthier future. By embracing renewable energy sources, Tanzania can mitigate the adverse effects of climate change, protect its natural resources, and foster sustainable development for generations to come. As we navigate the path forward, clear skies beckon, offering a glimpse of the promising future that lies ahead.


The near recent issuance of licenses for green minerals in Tanzania presents a dichotomy: on one hand, it promises economic growth, infrastructural development, technological progress, and potential revenue for public services, signaling a move towards sustainable development. On the other hand, it raises concerns about environmental degradation, community displacement, governance issues, and the equitable distribution of benefits. This initiative could mark a positive shift towards sustainability if managed with a commitment to environmental stewardship, transparent governance, and inclusive economic practices.


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