Citizens Engaging in Government Oversight in Natural Resources Management (CEGO-NRM)

Thursday, August 6, 2015|Number of views (9030)|Categories: CEGO-NRM

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Donor: USAID/Tanzania
Lead Organization: Lawyers’ Environmental Action Team (LEAT)
Project Timeline: November 2013-November 2017



Tanzania is a country endowed with abundant natural resources. These include mineral resources, forest, water, fisheries, wildlife and so many others. The natural resources contribute substantially to the national economic development if are sustainably managed, there is good governance and the proceeds derived from them are wisely used. Though natural resources in Tanzania are owned by all citizens, the government has been vested with the mandate to oversee their sustainable management and proper utilization. All the natural resources need to be sustainably managed and properly utilized without jeopardizing the needs of the future generations.

Unless poverty in Tanzania is significantly reduced, poor rural communities living around the vast protected areas have few alternatives to poaching wildlife and illegally extracting timber resources for their livelihoods. To address these challenges, good policy and capacity building interventions at the national and local levels supporting good governance of natural resources are essential. Such an approach includes development of key policy and legislation, improved land use utilization and management practices, and promoting conservation enterprise income generating opportunities, such as tourism, to help alleviate poverty and sustain biodiversity.


With the funding support from USAID/Tanzania, LEAT, through CEGO-NRM project, is providing trainings and building capacity in areas of natural resources management, governance and social accountability monitoring (SAM) to ordinary citizens in Iringa Rural and Mufindi districts at the district and ward level (involving district natural resources committees, village environmental and natural resources committees, village land use management committees, village land councils and selected villagers). In improving ordinary citizens livelihoods and reduce poverty levels, the project will further provides training alternative income generating activities (AIGs) to increase households and personal income.

Ordinary citizens remain to be key players in the management of natural resources and are better placed to discharge an oversight role on management of public resources. Because of this, there is a pertinent need to empower and equip them with requisite knowledge and tools to enable them to hold accountable local government bodies which lead enable them to discharge their mandates over public resources transparently, competently, and accountably. Moreover, citizens’ engagement in government oversight in natural resources management is in consonance with the principles of sustainable development, inter and intragenerational equity and is in keeping with Article 27 of the Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania, 1977 that calls upon all citizens to that the natural resources of the country are utilized assiduously.

The Project seeks to enlist the participation of the citizens in the two districts in NRM and SAM. It will also enable them to undertake beekeeping activity as an alternative income generating activity which will steer away the citizens from undertaking environmentally destructive activities such as illegal poaching, deforestation and charcoal burning among others. Engaging in beekeeping will also boost citizens income in project areas which is one of the ways of reducing poverty in the districts.


Improved accountability and oversight of public resources through increased citizens’ participation.


This project is implemented for four years (2014-2017) in Iringa Rural and Mufindi districts. In Selection of these districts was based on the fact that these districts host key ecological resources including wildlife management areas, wildlife resources, forests and unprotected areas. LEAT has also good relationships and is well established in these districts through its past experience in implementing similar projects, this ensures smooth and successful implementation of project activities. In the first two years of the project LEAT is working in 8 villages 4 in each districts i.e., Malinzanga, Idodi, Kitisi, and Mfyome in Iringa Rural district and Tambalang’ombe, Mapogoro, Utosi, and Igombavanu in Mufindi district.


To sustain project impacts beyond project timeline, LEAT is working hand in hand with local Community Based Organizations (CBOs) in planning and implementing project activities in selected districts. The CBOs are Mtandao wa Jamii wa Usimamizi wa Misitu Kanda ya Kitapilimwa (MJUMIKK), Matumizi bora ya Malihai Idodi na Pawaga ( MBOMIPA), African Soil Hives Technology( ASH-TECH) and Mufindi Vijana Kwa Maendeleo (MUVIMA).


  • Training of 748 villagers on NRM and SAM in 16 project villages 8 in Iringa Rural district (i.e.,Idodi, Kiwere, Kitapilima Mfyome, Itagutwa, Tungamalenga, Malinzanga and Kitisi) and 8 in Mufindi district (i.e., Lugodalutali, Igombavanu, Uhambila, Nyololo Njiapanda, Kibada, Utosi, Tambalang’ombe and Mapogoro);
  • Training of 550 members of Village Natural Resources Committees (VNRCs,) and 14 District Nautral Resources Committees (DNRCs); 17 Ward Representatives and 16 members of partner CBOs on NRM and SAM;
  • Training of 267 beekeepers in 12 project villages 6 in Iringa Rural district (i.e.,Idodi, Kiwere, Mfyome, Tungamalenga, Malinzanga and Kitisi) and 6 in Mufindi district (i.e., Lugodalutali, Igombavanu, Uhambila, Kibada, Tambalang’ombe and Mapogoro);
  • Trained 33 staff and members of partner CBOs on Monitoring and Evaluation in the two project districts;
  • Triained 39 villagers in theatre for development in Kiwere and Mapogoro villages in Iringa Rural and Mufindi districts repectively; and
  • Wrote and published 50 copies of manuals on SAM(25,000) and NRM (25,000).


The Project has two intermediate results:

INTERMEDIATE RESULT 1: Citizens and duty bearer’s awareness on proper management of forests and wildlife resources at district, ward, and village levels increased

  • Key Result Area 1.1: LEAT capacity in all organizational development categories (OCA and AAT) improved.
  • Key Result Area 1.2: Households with increased economic benefits derived from implementing alternative income generating activities increased.

INTERMEDIATE RESULT 2: Citizens engagement in demanding for accountability and transparency in the management of forest and wildlife resources improved.

  • Key Result Area 2.1: Citizens capacity to conduct SAM in NRM in targeted districts and villages improved.

For more information about CEGO-NRM Project contact Dr. Rugemeleza Nshala,, +255 (22) 2780859,

Issued by:

Executive Director
Lawyers’ Environmental Action Team (LEAT)
Mazingira House, Mazingira Street
P. O. Box 12605
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Tel: +255 22 2780859
Fax: +255 22 2780859

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